Abstract: Cutaneous melanoma incidence and survival among U.S. blacks, Further elucidation of risk factors for cutaneous melanoma in blacks and APIs and. Abstract: Romidepsin is a histone deacetylase inhibitor recently approved by the FDA for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. It has led to protracted. Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder, affecting % of the population (1). Skin disorders will be present in % of people with diabetes (2) .

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No current treatment exists or is necessary for DD, which is asymptomatic and does not lead to morbidity 3. Infections form the largest group of cutaneous conditions affecting people with diabetes. The pathogenesis of scleroderma diabeticorum is thought to be linked to increased stimulation of insulin and nonenzymatic glycosylation of collagen.

EX is rare and occurs more often in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes. Acrochordons, or fibroepithelial polyps, skin tags, and soft fibromas, are pedunculated outgrowths of normal fipetype on a narrow stalk, most commonly located on the eyelids, neck, axillae, and groin Fig.

Cutaneous Manifestations of Diabetes Mellitus

Some treatment options include steroids, methotrexate, and ultraviolet light phototherapy 15 Treatment options are topical steroids, intralesional steroids, isotretinoin, dapsone, antimalarials, and phototherapy. Treatment options include itraconazole, fluconazole, amphotericine B, and voriconazole. Cutaneous disease can appear as the first sign of diabetes or may develop at any time in the course of the disease. Individuals may use saline compresses for symptomatic relief.

Steroid use is beneficial to control the initial erythema in early lesions but fails to help with the atrophic component of the lesions and can worsen atrophy.

Individuals with type 2 diabetes are more likely than those with type 1 diabetes to develop cutaneous manifestations.


Trichophyton rubrumTrichophyton mentagrophytesand Trichophyton tonsurans are the most common dermatophytes. Telangectasias arise in the nail beds of people with diabetes after loss of capillary loops and dilation of remaining capillaries. Occasionally, they are seen on the forearms and hands. Infections Associated With Diabetes Cutaneous Infections Infections form the largest group of cutaneous conditions affecting people with diabetes. Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder, and many cutaneous disorders are associated with diabetes.

Thacker CDC Library collection.

Cutaneous Manifestations of Diabetes Mellitus

Granuloma Annulare Granuloma annulare GA presents as erythematous to flesh-colored papules coalescing to form an oval or ring lesion. Current treatments include withdrawal of all medications that would not be life-threatening. The treatment is focused on infection prevention Stain findings suggested the presence of hemosiderin and melanin depositions in the epidermis of affected patients Community acquired fulminant pseudomonas infection of the gastrointestinal tract in previously healthy infants.

As the incidence and prevalence of diabetes increases, skin manifestations associated with diabetes will become more common. The appearance of RF correlates with poor glucose control.

Type 2 diabetes—related AN has an insidious onset and initially presents as hyperpigmentation.

Etiology of the condition is unknown. Patients presenting with EN should be transferred to a qualified intensive care unit as soon as possible Eruptive xanthomas and acute pancreatitis in a patient with hypertriglyceridemia. This is because of steroid-induced atrophy. Int J Dermatol ; Rubeosis Facei Rubeosis facei RFa relatively common skin manifestation associated with diabetes, is a microangiopathic complication.

Scleredema diabeticorum successfully treated with ultraviolet A1 phototherapy. GA often presents asymptomatically but can cause pruritus or a burning sensation Lesions may ulcerate spontaneously or from trauma 33 Le Cleach L, Chosidow O. The condition is more common in obese middle-aged men with type 2 diabetes.


The pathogenesis of GA is currently unknown. Infrared thermal image scanners ITIS appear an attractive option for the mass screening of travellers for influenza, but there are no published data on their performance in airports. Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory, polygenic skin disorder with environmental triggers such as trauma, medications, and infection.

Clin Dermatol ; Systemic glucocorticoids, phototherapy with PUVA and ultraviolet B, and oral acitretin can be beneficial in people who are not candidates for topical steroid therapy.

Cutaneosu condition is often fatal. Med Hypotheses ; J Dermatol ; In most cases, EN begins on first exposure to an inciting drug, within 8 weeks of the first dose. Valeyrie-Allanore L, Roujeau Fileyype. Diabetes mellitus and other endocrine diseases. Acrochordons are benign lesions, but may become symptomatic with abrasion or necrosis. Bacterial Infections Cutaneous bacterial infections are more common, as well as more severe, in people with diabetes.

Localized forms can be treated easily and followed by PCPs. The lesions of acquired perforating dermatosis are most commonly seen on the trunk and extremities and tend to be pruritic.

In a study of people with diabetes compared with control subjects, the most common infection in people with diabetes was tinea pedis, followed by distal subungual onychomycosis Proposed causes are localized trauma, microangiopathy, immunoglobulins and fibrin deposition, and metabolic changes 32 Genetic vitiligo GV is most often a gradually progressive disorder and is unresponsive to treatment.

Eruptive Xanthoma Eruptive xanthoma EX presents on the buttocks, elbows, and knees as sudden onset crops of yellow papules with an erythematous base Fig. Epidermal necrolysis Stevens—Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis.