Jajmani system, (Hindi: deriving from the Sanskrit yajamana, “sacrificial patron who employs priests for a ritual”) reciprocal social and economic arrangements. MR. Beidelman’s problem is to determine the locus of power within the jajmani system in order that it may throw light on the controversial question of whether. 7 Nov The jajmani system has evolved from the word Jajman which means upper caste people. William H Wiser was the first one to introduce the term.

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Security of occupation is guaranteed in case of jajmani system. Caste system is the basis of jajmani system. Dumont has pointed out that this system has to satisfy all those who enter into jajmani sysgem. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Slavery, condition in which one human being was owned by another.

According to Harold Gould, in such a situation, the lower castes make their own jajmani arrangements either through direct exchange of labour or by paying in cash or kind. Cultivators also prefer to buy articles for their daily needs, from the market, by paying cash. Jajmani system Indian culture. Due to rapid expansion of transport syste communication, the system is in a decline.

At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand iajmani context. It is the link between the landowning high caste groups and occupational castes. Upload Your Knowledge on Sociology: The landed higher caste Jajman are the patrons, and the syetem castes are the kameen servers of the jajman.

The kamins are meant not only to provide goods to the jajmans, but they are also expected to do those tasks, which are considered impure by jajmans, for instance, cutting of hair by Nais, washing dirty clothes by Dhobis, cleaning of toilets by Bhangis, etc. You may find it syystem to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered.


Jajmani system is a socio-economic institution of the pre-industrial self-subsistent village aystem. This made the kamins to leave their caste occupations and migrate to urban areas. His difficulty will not be in dismissing him, but in finding a substitute.

The system has two institutional connotations—religious and economic. The specific problem is: The extent to which this system has ever truly operated in the Indian countryside is a matter of considerable debate.

Jajmani System in Indian Caste System: Definition, Function and Other Details

I have interest in writing love stories or any specific genre. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A spirit of fellow feeling and brotherhood develops under this system.

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They are sometimes exploited and abused by the JaJmans. The serving castes are called kamins, whereas the served castes are known as jajmans.

Jajmani system

Profit in place of sacrifice and substitution of money for service further weakened the jajmani system. In Jajmani system, at the centre is the family of agriculturists, the zamindars. There is exploitation and coercion. The relationship between them must be like that of a father and a son.

There was a problem with your submission. The patron family itself can be the client of another whom it patronizes for certain services and by whom it is in turn patronized for other services.

Jajmani systemHindi: So there is economic security in the jajmani system. For services rendered the servicing castes are paid in cash or in kind grains, fodder, clothes, animal products like milk, butter systrm. According to Vidya Bhushan and Sachdeva, some of the important features of jajm- ani system are as follows: Harold Gould has described the Jajmani system as inter-familial inter-caste relationship pertaining to the patterning of super- ordinate-subordinate relations between patrons and suppliers of services.


The Village Pan- chayats are deprived of their traditional roles.

Almost all the sacred, secular Hindu literature authorizes the relationship between the jajman and kamin. In other parts of India, terms such as Parjan, Pardhan, Balutedar etc.

This coercive system gave rise to a rebellion of the lower castes against the jamindars in the Telangana region in It provides economic security to kamins as the jajman looks after all of their needs. Help us improve this article! On the other hand, Marxist has a different view that this system is exploiting occupational workers in the name of cultural and financial exchange.

The cut-throat-competition for work or employment is almost absent in jajmani system. The families that provide services are known as Kamin, Kam Karney waley or Kamgars workers.

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Yogendra Singh describes jajmani system as a system governed by a relationship based on reciprocity in inter-caste relations in villages. The jajman has to fulfill all the needs of his kamins, and the kamin has to support his jajman during disputes. The improved means of transport and communication has helped in making the market transactions easier.

So this system suffers from all the evils of caste system. The jajman-kamin relationship involves many norms and values. Exclusive Offers on Amazon. The hereditary character allows for certain forms of bond labour, since it is the family obligation to serve its hereditary patrons. There are various norms concerning rights, duties, payments, concessions, etc.